Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa Plant Optimisation & Chiller Upgrade

Situated on the Wellington Waterfront, the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa is a major icon in the capital city.

The impressive building, designed by Jasmax Architects, sits on 152 base isolators and is designed to protect occupants and collections from a one in 2000 year earthquake. Since opening in 1998, Te Papa has seen visitor numbers of around 1.5 million annually.

The Goal

The central chilled water system in Te Papa was nearing end of life, with the chillers and cooling towers due for replacement. The original chillers utilised an obsolete refrigerant and were inefficient in comparison to modern chiller technology.

The client’s goal was to implement a chilled water system that maximised energy efficiency, reduced operational costs and provided an upgrade path which allowed for future transition to new lower global warming potential (GWP) refrigerants such as 1234ze.

The Challenge

A key challenge for this project was to provide two new high-efficiency chillers with a combined cooling capacity of 4000kW, while also lowering the pump power requirements of the system. In addition to this, the new plant needed to minimise the cooling tower water use and reduce legionella risk. The project also called for a chilled water plant optimisation solution to ensure this solution operated at the maximum achievable efficiency.

As the building was still occupied during the revamp, the central plant needed to be upgraded and the optimisation system integrated with the existing site building management system (BMS). Therefore, a collaborative approach towards commissioning and system fine-tuning was required while making sure the day-to-day running of this busy museum wasn’t impacted.

The Solution

The project incorporated a number of aspects, including:

- Reconfiguring the hydraulic system to transition from a constant primary / variable secondary configuration to a variable primary flow system which reduced pump power requirements.

- Replacement of the original cooling towers with closed-loop evaporative coolers for decreased water consumption, legionella risk and condenser water fouling potential.

- Installation and commissioning of a holistic chilled water optimisation system to maximise plant efficiency.

The client's focus on minimising the lifecycle operation costs demanded high-efficiency chillers combined with a specialised central chilled water plant optimisation system to ensure peak efficiency could be achieved in all operating conditions.

A SMARDT Chiller solution with a CPECS Synergy Plant Optimisation System was selected for this project due to the overall achievable efficiencies and ease of integration with the existing BMS.


Two SMARDT WB190 2000kW Water Cooled Chillers were the ideal solution for this large application. These SMARDT Chillers utilise Turbocor® magnetic oil-free centrifugal compressors to achieve the highest IPLV energy efficiencies and lowest operating costs in their capacity ranges.

The SMARDT Turbocor® Chillers provided significant energy-efficiency improvement over the original R22 reciprocating chillers that were replaced.


A SMARDT Central Plant Energy Control System (CPECS) synergy optimisation solution was incorporated to extract the maximum overall system efficiency from the upgraded equipment.

CPECS considers all aspects of the chilled water system and optimises the chiller, cooling tower and condenser pump operation to achieve the highest Coefficient of Performance (COP) in real-time. CPECS goes beyond the traditional BMS control approach for a central chilled water plant, defining safe operating limits while extracting optimum system efficiency.

To achieve this, CPECS interacts with the existing Siemens Building Management System. The system constantly receives live operating data and provides optimised control setpoints for the BMS to target. The BMS then controls the field equipment to achieve the optimised speed and setpoint values.

In addition to the optimisation aspect, CPECS also provides a platform for ongoing monitoring and verification of overall performance. The system is configured to provide automated performance reporting for the client on a monthly basis.

The Result

Te Papa has observed a significant reduction in building electricity load resulting from the upgraded chilled water system. Since May 2019, the CPECS monitoring and verification component has reported an average overall system COP of 6.0.

The overall plant COP calculation considers:

- Total thermal cooling energy produced by the system.

- Total electrical energy consumed by the system (chillers, cooling towers, condenser water pumps & chilled water pumps).

Equipment breakdown

Total Capacity

Cooling Capacity: 4000kW


2x SMARDT WB190 Water Cooled Chillers


1 x CPECS Synergy Optimisation System
graphical user interface with automated reporting BMS integration via BACnet


Advanced Building Services

Mechanical Engineer